The Spitz family of dogs comes from the Arctic region of Iceland. Their original goals were to herd cattle, pull sleds and guard. The Pomeranians were a Spitz and started out as a much larger breed, protecting the owner’s property and alerting intruders. The Spitz breed has several wolf-like characteristics: small ears to protect against frostbite; a dense, insulating undercoat to keep warmth; and a tail curled tightly on his back.
At the same time, Spitz was brought to Europe, along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. The area, called the Pomerania, now includes parts of modern-day Poland and Germany where the breed got its name. Pommore or Pommern means “at sea.” This is where the breed began to decline in size, Canine historians believe. Many paintings and prints from the 18th century show Poms in different sizes and colors.
Dog-loving British royals fell in love with the Pomeranian and helped boost the breed’s popularity. Queen Charlotte influenced the breed’s development when she brought two Poms to England in 1767. Phoebe and Mercury are depicted in paintings by Sir Thomas Gainsborough. Although the pair is larger than today’s Pomeranian, weighing possibly between 30 and 50 pounds, Queen Charlotte’s Poms still have small ears, thick fur and a curled tail that are trademarks of the breed. The Prince of Wales (later George IV) had a pale, black-and-white Pom dog named Fino, the subject of a painting in 1791.
In 1873 the Kennel Club (England) was established and the so-called Spitz was one of the first recognized breeds. Poms shown at the time weighed around 18 pounds. In 1888, a Pomeranian from Florence, Italy, named Marco, was sent to the niece of Queen Charlotte, Queen Victoria. Marco weighs 12 pounds and is the birthplace of a large livestock kennel that Queen Victoria founded. Because she was a famous king, the Pomeranian popularity also increased, especially in smaller specimens. At one point she had 35 Poms in her crib, and in her hospital bed she asked Turi, a favorite Pom, to stay by her side.
Pomeranians in America
Pomeranian was first exhibited in this country in 1892. In 1900, the American Dog Breeds Club (AKC) recognized the breed, and the American Pomeranian Club (APC) was founded. APC held its first national specialty show in 1911 and drew 262 Poms. (Did you know: Two of the three dogs that survived the sinking of the Titanic were Poms, one tied to Mrs. Rothschild’s pocket on the lifeboat.
Poms and artists
Throughout history, Poms has captivated composers and artists. Mozart dedicates one of his finished arias to his pet Pom, Pimperl. Frederic Chopin, fascinated by Pom chasing after a friend, wrote the song Waltz of the Little Dog. While Michelangelo was painting the Sistine Chapel, his Pom sat below on a satin pillow overseeing the action.
No other breed is as colorful and colorful as the Pomeranian. You will find them in all colors (black, blue, chocolate, red, orange, cream, white); color (white with uniform markings); black, blue or chocolate, each with tanned spots above the eyes, on the cheeks, and on the lower legs; braided (stripe); and merle, a color swatch that creates a mottled or marble look. Whatever your heart wants, from light pastel colors to bold, dramatic colors, there’s a Pom somewhere to suit your taste.
Coat and Grooming
The Pomeranian is a two-class breed. The official breed standard states that the body “should be well covered with a short, thick undercoat, with a long protective coat and a harsh texture that grows through, forming a longer outer coat and more than the body. The jacket should form a border around the neck, frame the head, extend over the shoulders and chest ”. Although brushing is not difficult, thick bristles can become tangled easily, so brush off the carpet and brush thoroughly several times a week. Regular brushing to keep the mat active is especially important when the undercoat is falling, twice a year.
Pomeranians are confident in nature, friendly and animated. Alert and always aware of changes in their environment, barking too much needs to be addressed early before it becomes a chronic problem. This breed loves to be the center of attention, which can sometimes get them into trouble if they become too demanding or want to take over a larger, stronger dog they think is hitting. steal their attention.
Pomeranians are extremely popular with entertainers and jet buffs. Poms is always ready for the next close-ups. Actors participating in the Pomeranians include Gwen Stefani, Jessica Alba, and Keanu Reeves. Social and TV celebrities who have never been without their Poms include mother-daughter Sharon and Kelly Osbourne, and Beverly Hills real housewife Lisa Vanderpump.
Allan Reznik is a journalist, editor and broadcaster specializing in dog-related topics. He is the former editor-in-chief of Dogs in Review and a former editor of Dog Fancy magazine. A man who lived in the city all his life, on both coasts, now he likes the southern countryside with Afghan Hounds, Tibetan Span-iels and assorted rescues.