Home Asian News Can Japan and the US lead to 6G? - Diplomat

Can Japan and the US lead to 6G? – Diplomat


National leaders like Japanese Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide and US President Joe Biden both find themselves in an insurmountable position. As fifth generation (5G) mobile telecommunications networks are being deployed in their countries to respond promise faster speeds and lower latency to help boost their economies, network operators in their home countries have little or no domestic hardware vendor with which they can do business. . Instead, they were forced choose among hardware components made by Chinese companies, considered by their governments to be an unacceptable national security threat, or by European or Korean companies, at high cost than. This is one of the issues related to competition between China and technology that Biden and Suga will discuss when they meet in Washington on April 16.

Even as 5G networks are just starting to hit the market, U.S. and Japanese policymakers are looking at how they can bring their de facto national champions into success. the most advanced technology of the “6G” or “In addition to 5G” technology. These are some of the so-called emerging technologies store in a new bilateral policy working group formed before the Biden-Suga summit. There are many ways policymakers can act in a concerted, measurable, and proactive way to ensure cybersecurity and commercial competitiveness in the coming decades, and work will begin after the meeting of leaders ends.

With the cooperation of Japanese partners, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Recently held a series of bilateral discussions with various stakeholders from government and industry to look at ways in which the US and Japanese governments could coordinate their Non-5G policies. effectively. Dialogue focuses on information sharing and brainstorming rather than decision-making, but it shows a strong consensus on many of the telecom policy’s goals, as well as many areas for potential cooperation.

In general, these areas include background research support for new technologies, helping to transparently set global technical standards, encouraging the adoption of open hardware systems instead of multiple closed (vendor-specific) and leverages best practices and offers commercially viable network options in a third of Countries.

Cooperation is underway between US and Japanese companies to promote a new network architecture called Open Radio Access Network (Open RAN). In the past, network operators had to purchase entire systems including individual antennas and aggregate base stations from one vendor to ensure their compatibility. The Open RAN standard is plan removes most of the proprietary software built into this device and replaces it with a layer of open source code so that network operators can mix and match – and ideally “plug-and-play” with – hardware from multiple vendors. It will also allow some virtualization of these networks.

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Open RAN advocates performance benefits including AI supervised load management (for improved efficiency) and the ability to tailor hardware solutions to their deployment environments, but the technology remains. not fully mature yet. There are several dozen activities deployment Open RAN networks are being tested, but none are commercially available yet. A representative of a major Japanese network operator who successfully integrated several carrier devices into the Open RAN network described a complicated and costly process to try to maintain smooth operation. howl and safe. He added that increasing supplier diversity could exponentially increase life cycle costs unless technical improvements are made. Government of the United States and Japan are invest in Open RAN research and funding for pilot projects involving many companies to evaluate such systems in real-world situations, but a greater sense of urgency is needed.

Public-private partnerships like miniature fake cities built to test AI technology, smart homes and driverless cars should also incorporate new networking equipment in their portfolios and coordinate their work – if necessary, through government agencies. Two such examples cover separate test platforms in Michigan and a close Phu Si mountain, providing double research opportunities for allies. A relatively small new government grant could facilitate data sharing and some division of labor to maximize the value of these investments.

It is important to remember that when considering national economic development, next-generation telecommunications networks themselves are not the end goal. Instead, they are the vehicles that will allow future industries to be established, make existing industries more productive and improve living standards. Being at the forefront of technical innovation means little if companies don’t adopt those innovations. Convincing companies to adopt networking technologies in the future will be crucial to making sure they truly reap the benefits of this infrastructure development. Therefore, business or government-backed test platforms should also develop vertically integrated Beyond 5G demonstrations in different industry use cases. That will help realize the promise of advanced networking technology more quickly.

Allies are also expected to push for setting transparent and non-binding technical standards to a country’s preferences. Some representation of the US and Japanese governments at international standards-setting bodies will be needed, but de-politicized the process. may produce better results. Reviews of diplomats at international standards development bodies are often filled with geopolitical baggage. Instead, allied governments could expand private sector participation by subsidizing the attendance of engineers from smaller US and Japanese companies that are typically absent from the US. forums because of financial constraints.

The United States and Japan also wish to make use of the Open RAN and trusted vendor hardware popular in less developed countries. Make use of their development finance programme can contribute to this goal and help counter China’s growing economic influence. Development finance groups often rely on concessional loans to finance new infrastructure overseas. If the goal of the United States and Japan is to ensure that critical network infrastructure in developing countries is secure in addition to mere existence, the use of funding and equity capital is as well. should be considered. Working with like-minded countries is also worthwhile and requires coordination. Palau submarine cable project announced last year, a tripartite cooperation of the United States, Japan and Australia – another member of “Quad”- combines both of these principles and may serve as a model for how future infrastructure projects in developing countries can be supported. Quad itself will working team on emerging technologies.

Domestic regulators can also help smooth the road ahead. Technologies beyond 5G will likely take advantage of the millimeter and terahertz frequency fractions of the electromagnetic spectrum. For example, in the United States, the FCC may work with hardware manufacturers to identify What parts of the spectrum can and should be devoted to future mobile network technologies. That also means preparing a new round of “Incentive auction”Let the government buy back licenses for lower frequency segments and sell them to mobile operators. Further coordinating these cross-border decisions with long execution times for private sector planning purposes could help improve hardware compatibility between US and Japanese vendors. As research and development advances on new technologies, innovators will benefit from predictable policies related to supply chain assurance, data privacy and usage. spectrum.

Mobile communications and the technology underpinning it are poised to become even more integrated with our daily lives, and governments will find it difficult to balance the needs of companies at the same time. domestic people, people and their international partners. Governments should resist the urge to intervene too strongly in the private market and avoid policies that protect specific technologies, as they lack the expertise and information to choose future technology winners. hybrid. However, some coordinated government actions with allies can help prevent Chinese dominance in these markets, which will be crucial for the future of US and Japanese industries. Copy. Biden and Suga can establish positions, but close and ongoing consultation with the private sector and with other international partners will be key to success.

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