The latest round of negotiations between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia ended without resolving protracted disputes over the GERD.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi warned that “all options are open” after Latest negotiation round Between his country, Sudan and Ethiopia on a giant dam built by the latter on the Green Nile has ended with no progress.
Delegations from the three countries met in Kinshasa, capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, the current president of the African Union (AU), in an effort to break the deadlock in the negotiations. . Negotiations ended on Tuesday there is no resolution protracted disputes over dam operation and storage.
“I am telling our brothers in Ethiopia, don’t you get to the point where you touch a drop of Egyptian water, because all the options are open,” el-Sisi said on Wednesday.
“We have seen the cost of any confrontation,” he added, referring to regional conflicts in the past.
The Sudanese Water Minister also issued a warning on Wednesday, saying his country is ready to take a stance in disputes and lobby new at the highest international level.
“For Sudan all options are viable, including a return [the matter] into the United Nations Security Council and tough policy … [if] Ethiopia embarked on the filling for a second time [of the dam] without the agreement, ”Yasser Abbas told reporters.
Nile river water
The Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam has been a source of tension in the Nile basin since Ethiopia broke ground in 2011.
Its downstream neighbors Egypt and Sudan see this multi-billion dollar project as a threat because of their reliance on the Nile water, while Ethiopia sees it as essential to the process. its electrification and development.
Ethiopian Water Minister Seleshi Bekele said in a news conference Wednesday that Ethiopia will continue to fill the dam’s giant reservoir during the upcoming rainy season, usually starting in June or July.
“As construction progresses, filling will take place,” Seleshi said. “We’re not deviating at all.”
However, Seleshi sought to alleviate the tension.
“There is no need to enter an unnecessary war. A war cannot start for water. Water flows if you fight today, it will continue to flow tomorrow, ”he told reporters.
Egypt and Sudan, in their post-meeting statements in Kinshasa, accused Ethiopia of not being skillful in restarting talks before filling the dam a second time this year.
Ethiopia said on Tuesday that it could not sign an agreement that violates its rights to use the Nile.
Sudan and Egypt have proposed to include the European Union, the United States and the United Nations as a mediator besides the AU continuing to facilitate negotiations.
According to state news agency FANA, both countries said Ethiopia rejected the proposal during the meeting, which Seleshi said was part of an effort to cause delays, according to state news agency FANA.