Former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon called on the world agency and Southeast Asian countries on Monday to take quick and strong action to stop the deadly crackdown that ensued after the military coup. in Myanmar, says he tried to make a diplomatic visit on his own with no success.
The Board urged the United Nations Security Council to take immediate action to stop violence and protect civilians, “using a variety of tools at the council’s discretion.” His remarks came weeks after the group mitigated the statement on Myanmar by changing the draft proposal for sanctions that could be considered.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) – holding a summit in Myanmar this month has no reason to “not act in the face of love. serious human rights violations ”. at least agree to send a high-level delegation to Myanmar. He also urged the incumbent United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to participate directly with the country’s military.
“The United Nations and its regional partners now have an opportunity to cooperate through vigorous action to stop ongoing atrocities in Myanmar and prevent further escalation of violence,” Ban said. know at a virtual meeting of the Security Council on UN activities with various regional organizations around the world.
Since the Myanmar army took power in February, security forces have killed more than 700 protesters and bystanders, according to the Association for Supporting Political Prisoners, which tracks casualties and arrests. The group said more than 3,100 people have been detained; among them were ousted civilian leader Aung San Suu Kyi and President Win Myint.
The violent crackdown continued on Monday as government forces confronted protesters seeking to celebrate the creation of a shadow government last week by protesters of the government.
The coup has reversed a slow democratic trend in recent years in Myanmar, where five decades of strict military rule has resulted in international isolation and sanctions. The generals eventually loosened their grip, culminating in Aung San Suu Kyi taking the helm in the 2015 election. The international community responded by lifting most of the orders. punish and pour investment into this country.
During his time as secretary-general from 2007 to 2016, Ban traveled to Myanmar to urge the country’s ruling generals at that time so that the flow of foreign aid would not be obstructed and the experts to reach the people. survived Hurricane Nargis in 2008, which killed about 134,000 people. He also called on the military to embrace democracy.
On Monday, he said he had recently requested another visit, aimed at meeting all stakeholders to try to reduce the escalation of conflict and promote dialogue. The authorities told him such a visit “would not be convenient at the moment,” he said.
A message was sent on Monday to Myanmar’s United Nations mission to seek comment on the Board’s comments and Security Council discussions.
The Council strongly condemned violence against peaceful protesters and called for a reversal of the coup, the immediate release of government leaders, and “maximum restraint” by the military. team. But the draft of the April 1 statement was softened – in part by eliminating the phrase saying the panel could “consider next steps,” which could mean sanctions – because of opposition from China, Myanmar’s neighbors and friends.
Chinese Deputy Foreign Minister Wang Yi told the council on Monday that it should consider the group of Southeast Asian nations – ASEAN for short – on Myanmar.
“Supporting ASEAN’s constructive participation in Myanmar’s domestic reconciliation process in an ASEAN way and reducing the escalation of tensions in Myanmar for the benefit of the people of Myanmar and the international community,” said Mr. Wang. “.
Some other council members also said that they are looking forward to the outcome of the ASEAN summit.
ASEAN wants to see “all stakeholders seek a peaceful solution and pursue a constructive, reconciled and back to normal dialogue in accordance with the will and interests of the people of Myanmar” and are willing to help, said Dato Erywan Pehin Yusof, the second person. incumbent foreign minister of ASEAN Brunei President.
Guterres called ASEAN’s role “important” and called for “a strong international response based on a united effort in the region”.
As for the UN, he noted that his Myanmar envoy is in the region and is open to dialogue with the military and others.