Home Asian News Japan can deliver eight super-class destroyers to Indonesia - The Diplomat

Japan can deliver eight super-class destroyers to Indonesia – The Diplomat


At the end of March, me reports The agreement was signed between Japan and Indonesia, paving the way for Japan’s defense exports to the Indonesian armed forces. The pact was signed in the “two plus two” security talks on March 30 between the two governments’ foreign and defense ministers, bound by overlapping fears of growing influence. China’s increase and territorial claims in the South China Sea and South China Sea.

As reported this week in defense pressUnder the arms export agreement, Japan could deliver up to eight new Mogami-class stealth frigates to the Indonesian Navy. Known as the 30FFM, 30FF, 30DX and 30DEX, the first multipurpose frigate is currently built by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Mitsui Engineering and Shipbuilding at shipyards in Nagasaki and Tamano.

In November, the JS Kumano, the first completed Mogami-class ship, was given at Mitsui Tamano Shipyard, while the JS Mogami, the class leader ship, roll out at the Nagasaki Ship & Machinery Factory in early March.

These are two of the 22 aircraft that have been ordered for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force. Based on a report in the Sea Power magazine, the frigates are designed to replace some of its warships and corvettes, and will also be used for peacekeeping, anti-piracy and anti-piracy missions. humanitarian.

Based on previously reportedThe interim plan requires Japan to deliver four of the ships by the end of 2023 or early 2024, and the remaining four to be built by state-owned PT PAL at its shipyard in Surabaya under a technology transfer agreement.

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From the Indonesian point of view, the motives for the deal are not hard to discern. While Jakarta is not an official claimant in the South China Sea, in recent years it has been at odds with China in the waters surrounding the Natuna Islands, some of which lie. on the wrong side of Beijing’s vast and legally ambiguous “nine-dash line” waters. request.

In response, the National Armed Forces of Indonesia (TNI) increased its presence on Natuna Besar, the largest island in the region, and held military drills in the surrounding seas, where China is now the largest island in the region. Quoc has affirmed “traditional” fishing rights. On April 5, navy hold a ceremony marked the beginning of construction of a submarine “support station” on Natuna Besar, a prelude is possible to the construction of a submarine base on the island.

The maritime challenge posed by China has been illustrated in recent weeks, when the Philippines and China are engaged in a Hot war or words more than 200 Chinese Marine militia ships that continues Threaten wanderers around the Whitsun Reeflow tide elevation in the Spratly Islands, located in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the Philippines.

During their meetings on March 30, Japan and Indonesia released a joint statement expressed “Their serious concern is about continuing and escalating their efforts to change the status quo by force” and agreed on the importance of compliance with international maritime law.

At $ 450 million per ship, the Mogami-class deal is assumed to be worth $ 3.6 billion, by far the largest arms deal ever between Indonesia and Japan. It will also significantly enhance the Indonesian Navy’s long-range patrol capabilities. Equipped with a 5-inch MK 45 gun, anti-ship and surface-to-air missiles, Type 12 torpedoes and decoy launchers, the Mogami class has a range of 18,000 km. more than twice of existing frigates and corvettes of the Indonesian Navy.

The procurement will be consistent with Indonesia’s military spending increase steadily, the share of gross domestic product is second lowest in Southeast Asia in 2019. National military spending forcefully jumped in 2020, reaching 9.26 billion USD, increasing by 19.8% over the previous year.

As suggested by this potential Japanese acquisition, recent acquisitions have focused on the air and naval forces, which have traditionally been overlooked at the expense of the TNI land forces. This reflects both the internal political integration within the TNI and the military’s focus on the abolition of the series of uprisings and separatist insurgencies that have plagued Indonesia since independence.

The agreement will also mark the strengthening of Indonesia’s strategic defense ties with Japan, part of a growing network of bilateral ties between countries on the brink of assertiveness. the growing sea of ​​China. Indeed, as long as Beijing’s bellicose actions continue, we can expect to see more such deals in the coming years.

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