Home World News Maybe you already have some type of vaccine passport

Maybe you already have some type of vaccine passport

On Monday, TV character Dr. Drew tweeted his objection come COVID-19 vaccine passports, saying, “These vaccine passports separate people and take away their freedom of international travel. Vaccination is very important and I encourage everyone to get the Covid vaccine, but how would you feel if your international travel also requires other vaccines? “

On Tuesday, he brought it back – but to thousands of people on Twitter, that sounds like a good question.

Not so.

While the vaccine passport has emerged as the latest highlight in COVID-19 pandemicMost people already have some form of documentation that verifies that they have been vaccinated against certain diseases. And many public health experts say such evidence will be the key to getting life back to normal while also preventing future COVID-19 outbreaks.

“People have suffered for more than a year and they want their lives back,” Lawrence Gostin, a professor of global health law at Georgetown University, told BuzzFeed News. “They want to go to restaurants, watch movies, travel to meet their loved ones and go back to work. The vaccine passport provides a way to return to a normal life more quickly and safely ”.

As vaccines become more widely distributed, the prospect of the COVID-19 vaccine passport is becoming a reality for many. European Union likely to launch them in June. Israeli, which leaders of great nations In the vaccines used so far, a category has been introduced. China also has one. UK is debating its own version. The State of New York introduced a voluntary “Excelsior cardShow evidence of negative vaccinations or tests for access to sporting events, music venues, and businesses. At least eight major airlines are working on a version of the coronavirus passport, as well Walmart.

More 64 million people, or nearly a fifth of Americans, have completed the COVID-19 vaccination so far.

But the federal government – included Anthony Fauci, The director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases – has so far made it clear It will not lead to efforts to present the national vaccine passport. Instead, it is work to the corral More than a dozen versions are under development in the private sector.

Many Republican leaders have faltered at such measures, arguing that they would constitute an act of excessive aggression by the government. On Friday, Florida Governor Ron DeSantis signed an executive order Prohibit the use of the COVID-19 vaccination passport in the state. On Sunday, Mississippi Governor Tate Reeves told CNN that he is also against them. On Tuesday, Texas Governor Greg Abbott join in.

“Passport is a good idea,” Howard Markel, a pediatrician and medical historian, told BuzzFeed News. “How it has become politics is very disturbing and confusing for people in public health.”

That politicization has had a real impact. A recent poll found that only 50% of the US population will assist with a voluntary vaccination verification document.

In many ways, the debate in the United States is a replay of the debate lock the door and follow up contact. Should everyone in America accept the restrictions on their personal freedom in the name of public health? Will these Temporary measures last long after they are needed? Will everyone’s privacy be protected? But the idea of ​​a vaccine passport is nothing new: The United States has a bunch of private and public organizations asking people to prove they’ve been vaccinated.

“We have kept immunization records in our medical records. Schools keep children’s records. Many hospitals keep them for their staff. Gostin said.

To travel internationally, people must prove they’ve been vaccinated. To enter the United States, visitors must provide vaccination records for diseases – 14 in all – includes hepatitis A and B, two types of flu, polio and chickenpox. These records are kept in one booklet published by the World Health Organization. Armed Forces of the United StatesThe organization sends its members worldwide, asking about a dozen vaccinations depending on where one’s deployment is.

Proof of immunization is also required to enroll children in school in all 50 states. In Florida, where DeSantis is governor, children from kindergarten through grade 12 are required to vaccinate against six diseases. California and Texas each requires seven. Since immunization requirements for schools are handled at the state level – There is no federal mandateMany states allow it Personal beliefs or religious waivers for parents to opt out. California is one of the states that has removed such exemptions after Dangerous measles outbreaks started at Disneyland in 2015.

As long as vaccines were available, public health officials asked everyone to prove they received them. As historian Jordan E. Taylor wrote in Time magazine, starting in the 19th century, the US government required people to prove that they had been vaccinated against smallpox. Immigration officials requested proof of the vaccination at Ellis Island in New York and Angel Island in San Francisco. Firms mandate it as a condition of employment. And during a local outbreak, the police will ask people to prove they’ve been vaccinated.

There are real concerns about the vaccine passport. Some people worry about digital rights or privacy breach. But Gostin, people Co-authorizes an article in the Journal of the American Medical Association On potential ethical issues, the vaccine passport said it would contain very little information. “In many ways, a vaccine passport protects your privacy. They are not asking you to disclose any information, other than whether or not you have been vaccinated, ”he wrote.

Others have raised doubts about the fairness of asking for proof of immunization in the US, since then Black and Latinx communities have been immunized at a disproportionately low rate. The experts take that seriously but suggest that those concerns should ease as the vaccine becomes more widely available.

“Equity cannot be a final thought,” says Gostin. “We cannot have passports while vaccines are scarce. Within the next month, the vaccine will chase people, not vice versa. Everyone will have a fair effort to get it. “

Public health experts emphasize that it is understandable if people feel unsure about vaccine passports and encourage them to talk to their healthcare providers if they have questions. expensive.

“My recommendation is to consult your doctor or the WHO or CDC websites,” says Markel. “Have a good conversation with your doctor. We don’t want to bully people.



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