Hours after he was sworn in as president of the United States, Joe Biden made the first major moves at the White House, including signing an executive order to rejoin the Paris climate accord.
Therefore, the US will officially return to its historic commitment to limit warming to below 2 degrees C in the next 30 days. The US exited the deal on November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential election, under the direction of former President Donald Trump.
“A cry for survival comes from [the] the planet itself, ”Biden said in His inaugural speech, “A cry could not be more desperate or clearer.”
The Paris Agreement has always been a symbolic commitment rather than a substantial one. For the Trump administration, give up the agreement pointed out that The United States has abandoned its role as a climate leader instead of doubling down on becoming a fossil fuel-based nation. Now, under Biden’s management, this move – part of original action series reversing Trump’s agenda on everything from immigration to pandemic response – symbolizing that the country is more committed than ever to tackling the climate crisis.
Even before Biden signed the executive decree, the climate community has begun to commend.
French President Emmanuel Macron wrote on Twitter: “Welcome back to the Paris climate deal.
“When re-joining the Paris agreement, President Biden will immediately signal that this is a new day for US participation in climate change,” said Helen Mountford, vice president for climate and economics at the World Resources Institute, said in a statement. “To regain trust and credibility, this action must be followed by an ambitious US climate target for 2030 and significantly expanding climate finance to vulnerable countries. . “
The need for action has never been more urgent, as the world is watching for catastrophic warming of more than 3 degrees Celsius relative to pre-industrial levels if nothing had changed. Last week, the scientists announced that 2020 is effectively tied to 2016 the warmest year recorded. In the United States, hurricanes and wildfires last year resulted in one record number of natural disasters that cause at least 1 billion dollars in damage.
Biden has campaigned on the most positive climate of any presidential candidate, including repeatedly pledging to rejoin the Paris agreement on the first day of the presidency.
Since Biden won the election, the coming administration is called the address Climate change among its top priorities and immediately began laying the foundations to enact far-reaching changes.
The transition group announced in November that John Kerry, Barack Obama’s former secretary of state, will serve as the newly formed climate presidential special envoy. In this role, Kerry will oversee international negotiations on the country’s climate, including participating in the Paris agreement.
Then in December, the transition team revealed plans for the newly formed White House Domestic Climate Policy Office, headed by Gina McCarthy, Former head of the Obama Environmental Protection Agency.
Although Democrats now lead the Senate with a low majority, Biden is expected to be more dependent on executive orders and new regulations to enact its climate agenda. The passage of a bold legislation through Congress is strongly divided, where many Republicans still question the urgency of the crisis and support for the continued reliance on fossil fuels, is expected to be a major challenge.
As part of Biden’s early climate actions, he is directing federal agencies to review various climate rules that were finalized under the previous administration, relaxing emissions standards. and vehicle fuel efficiency, methane emissions standards, and building and equipment performance standards. He is also re-establishing the Interagency Working Group on the Social Cost of Greenhouse Gas and revoking presidential permits for the Keystone XL oil pipeline.