Home Elections Redistributive reform initiatives for 2018

Redistributive reform initiatives for 2018

The redistricting reform will go to voting next week! Citizens of Utah, Colorado, Michigan and Missouri will vote on initiatives that will reform redistricting in their states.

The Princeton Gerrymandering Project has analyzed all four initiatives. All have a high likelihood of success in making redistribution fairer and not targeting political parties or minorities to take away representation.

Unlike a court case, this approach can impose specific limits on what maps are allowed. It does the same first, so that the bias maps are never drawn in the first place. Finally, all measures require a certain level of transparency with regard to the process.

For detailed comments, click on the links to get full markup Google Documentation PDF law. These reflect our current mindset – please give us your own comments in reply to this blog post.

Utah. Utah is Republican – and has a tradition of open and clean government. The Better Boundary Initiative establishes a committee of 3 Republicans, 2 Democrats and 2 independent members (one for each) to draw the lines of Congress, creating state law and other counties. The map does not show partisan bias. In order to pass a map, the committee must receive at least one vote from the minority or independent party appointed by the minority party.

The measure provides a list of ranked priorities that the commission must adhere to federal requirements, beginning with keeping the cities / counties together. In a separate section of the text, the measure also calls for partisan equity, which should be in guard against cornering cities into several counties.

Colorado. Colorado doesn’t seem to have a problem. But on a bipartisan basis, the legislature acted in the face of future troubles by including two programs of referendum on the ballot. Amendments Y and Z would create a citizenship committee to take over the redistribution. This referendum was unanimously passed by the legislature. There appear to be no barriers to the aisle.

Like the Utah measure, Amendments Y and Z emphasize keeping cities / counties close together, but also prohibiting giving advantage to a political party.

Michigan. Michigan is the hometown one of the most extreme party followers in country. This will change if Proposition 2 passes next week. Proposition 2 establishes a committee that is modeled after California’s redistricting committee. Trustees are selected according to the statewide application process. They are tasked with drawing the boundaries of both the legislature and Congress. The map must protect “interested communities” and must not show partisan prejudice.

To pass, any plan must receive the support of Democrats, Republicans and independent members. It does not impose strong conditions for party identification or independence, relying instead on a random selection from a large enough pool of candidates. A Recent Epic / MRA survey shows Proposition 2 with 59% support, 29% disapproval.

Missouri. The Clean Missouri Initiative is the most unusual of the four. It includes redistribution, campaign finance and government transparency. The redistricting component placed the first step of drafting the new state legislative map in the hands of a new location, a nonpartisan state demographic. The person will be limited by precise partisan fairness rules.

The only difference in the Clean Missouri initiative is its implementation of fundamentally using gaps to measure fairness of maps. A maximum compliance plan will have a certain number of highly competitive seats – 1/5, if my calculation is correct (33 out of 163 seats). Maximum compliance will also require other seats to be drawn so that each major party can win a certain number, with more seats going to the majority party.

Bottom Line: All four initiatives will achieve reform in different ways. If passed, they would make a significant step forward in the redistributive reform of each state, which we do describe in the US Outlook.



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