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Rights researchers urge the United Nations to investigate crimes against humanity in Xinjiang – Radio Free Asia

Human rights researchers said in a report on Monday China’s treatment of Uighurs and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR) met the definitions. international legislation on “crimes against humanity” and deserves an investigation, punishment and attempt to prosecute responsible UN officials.

“Since at least 2014, the Chinese government has forced Turkish Muslims to commit many crimes,” said Stanford Law School’s Human Rights Watch and Conflict & Human Rights Clinic of the Stanford Law School. against humanity, including arbitrary mass detention, torture and death in detention and forced disappearance. .

Researchers evaluated China’s behavior towards Turkic Muslims – mainly Uyghurs, but also Kazakhs and Kyrgyzstan – against crimes against humanity according to the Court’s criteria. Rome International Criminal Court, the treaty that established the International Criminal Court (ICC) and entered into force in 2002.

Rome Statute defines crimes against humanity as designated acts “carried out as part of a systematic or extensive attack against any civilian with knowledge of the attack. public, “noted HRW / Stanford.

The report states the four criteria are:

– the attack is “widespread or systematic”;

– attack aimed at “civilians”;

– the acts are performed “with the knowledge of the attack”

– the act of “complying with or enforcing the policy of the State or organization to carry out such attack.”

HRW researchers and people from the Stanford rights clinic examined official documents, witness testimony and other evidence from “Campaign of Strong Attack Against Violent Terrorism” launched by Beijing in XUAR 2014 and found that the conditions met Rome’s criteria,

“The government’s detention of the masses of Turkish Muslims across the Xinjiang region fulfills the requirement of a” large-scale or systematic “attack, the report said.

“Turkish Muslims living in the Xinjiang area form a specific population group. Internal documents disseminated among CCP officials address the key elements of crime targeting Turkic Muslims – such as the “offensive reform” against those who are illegally detained. – illustrate the Chinese authorities about the attack, ”it said.

Cover up organized program

The fourth requirement “requires the State or organization to actively promote or encourage such an attack against civilians,” the report noted.

“Tales of people who have been detained at different facilities and for different lengths of time – such as repeated allegations of using ‘tiger bench’, forced political declarations and cultural eradication, as well as similarities in detention – very similar, suggesting the existence of an organized policy, ”the report said.

“The Chinese government’s determination and covert enforcement demonstrate a high degree of centralized control over the camps and the institutional perception of the need to conceal their internal operations,” it added. .

China’s acts “in connection with the following crimes against humanity: murder; enslavement; imprisonment or other serious deprivation of physical liberty for a violation of fundamental rules of international law; torture; oppressive; disappeared coercion; and other inhumane acts, ”the report said.

The HRW / Stanford report notes that as of January, the US Department of State and the parliaments of Belgium, Canada and the Netherlands have determined that China’s policies in the XUAR constitute “genocide” under the law. international law.

“Human Rights Watch has not recorded the existence of necessary genocidal intent at this point,” it said.

“However, nothing in this report prevents such a finding and if there is such evidence then acts against Turkish Muslims in Xinjiang – a group protected by the Convention. Genocide in 1948 – could also aid in the discovery of genocide ”.

HRW notes that China’s permanent membership in the United Nations Security Council gives them a veto over the Council’s actions. China – along with India, Indonesia, Russia, Turkey and the US – is among the major countries that are not members of the ICC.

Commission required

New York-based human rights watchdog recommends the United Nations Human Rights Council pass a resolution to set up an Investigation Committee to investigate allegations of crimes against humanity and abuses. differs for Turkish Muslims in XUAR, making recommendations to end abusive behaviors and defining accountability of officials and ways for them to be accountable.

“The UN Secretary-General should publicly support the Commission on Human Rights Violations Investigation in Xinjiang, and publicly and privately urge the Chinese government to end the abuse of Turkish Muslims. in Xinjiang. The Secretary-General should publicly express support for accountability for those responsible for the crimes against humanity in Xinjiang, ”the report wrote.

Such committees have been empowered by the UN to investigate atrocities in Darfur in Sudan, Libya, Syria, North Korea and the Central African Republic.

Relevant countries should work collectively to “impose visa bans, travel bans and targeted individual sanctions under the U.S. Global Magnitsky Act, Personal Punishment Regime. the European Union’s global rights and other human rights sanctions regimes in Canada, the UK and elsewhere, ”it said.

“Those countries’ government agencies” should reconsider all investments in Xinjiang and, when necessary, impose trade sanctions, including divestments, “HRW said. , in areas facing credible allegations of serious abuse such as forced labor ”.

Businesses and investors around the world should conduct a “human rights appraisal” under United Nations guidelines and join global efforts to monitor and end forced labor practices in XUAR, it says.

The HRW / Stanford report also makes recommendations for countries, such as Turkey and Kazakhstan, where XUAR is in exile, and has come under pressure from China to repatriate Uyghurs and other countries. other.

Those countries should grant Turkic Muslims “access to a fair system to adjudicate asylum requests, facilitate family reunification by allowing Muslim family members. The Turks join them, (and) stop all retrofit and other forms of direct and indirect coercion of Turkic Muslims returning to China, ”the report said.



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