The political antics that preceded the June presidential election in Mongolia entered a new crossroads by shifting the war outside the rule of law for all parties (many in power) and by allegations of military ties.
On April 18, President Battulga Khaltmaa issued a statement Ordinance to Dissolve the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP). The MPP currently holds a parliamentary majority and has successfully revised the Constitution in 2019 to significantly test the president’s power. The presidential decree includes specific charges against Khurelsukh Ukhnaa, who is widely believed to be the MPP candidate for the impending presidential election. Battulga belongs to the Democratic Party, the main rival of the MPP.
Text appears above Website of the President Battulga, with one YouTube video embed Battulga presents the front order, the white yak-tailed standards symbolizing the state authority standing in the center of the Government Building on Sukhbaatar Square. The MPP executive committee held a meeting and responded with a video above Directly on Facebook, there are eight MPP members, seven of whom are MPs and the Secretary of the Governor’s Committee, standing in front of the stairs in what appears to be the MPP headquarters building adjacent to the Government House and Sukhbaatar Square.
In other words, the problem seemed unresolved, and the struggle only intensified. The MPP executive committee also stated that the Battulga decree would be discussed in the relevant Standing Committees of parliament, report news.mn.
Battulga followed suit Constitutional Court decision on April 16 that contradicted his claim that he would be able to run in the upcoming presidential election of June 2021, despite the effective constitutional amendment stating that presidents could only keep one term. The Great Khural State, the parliament of Mongolia, has yet to formally accept the decision. Had some comments that accepting the decision means Congress will accept that Congress acted unconstitutional when making previous changes to the Presidential Election Law.
Candidates for the president will be named in early May by parties represented in parliament and elections will be held June 9.
While some of these claims may be dismissed as an early start to the presidential campaign, the frequent mention of the constitutionality of the measures is, in addition to each other’s complaints that Political adversaries are threatening Mongolia’s national security, raising some concerns about a more general threat to democracy.
Mutual accusations surrounding military mobilization
Perhaps most alarming, both sides accused the other of having improper relations with the military. Battulga describes certain reforms of Khurelsukh (the only place in the document stating the name of the real former prime minister) as “militarizing” the party through coordination among the governor’s offices, local party organizations. local and local military units. Battulga stated that “this is also a cause of suspicion that the Party is in danger of taking military action.” Tweets are also emerging Senator Enkh-Amgalan’s statement, made during the 2018 National Assembly session, that Khurelsukh had gathered “about 300 military officers.”
The MPP has responded with similar accusations. According to news.mn, at the press conference at which the MPP Executive Committee’s statement was presented, MP Ayursaikhan said, “It is reported that the President of Mongolia, after making his statement, visited the General Staff Department. the armed forces. “
In addition to the allegations of improper attempts to use the military in political activities, both statements accused the “other party” of unconstitutional and illegal acts, including destruction. undermining national unity and security. Battulga decree accused the MPP of violating many articles of the Mongolian Constitution, the Law on Political Parties and the National Security Concept. He alleged that the National Security Council was arrested by the MPP and the Constitutional Court as “unworthy of the trust and recognition of the people.”
Meanwhile, MP and former Minister of Finance Ch. Khurelbaatar claimed that more than a dozen laws were violated by the Battulga decree. The written statement of the MPP Board of Directors names many of the laws similar to those of Battulga, and states that the Battulga statement is “the act of President Kh. Battulga abuses its legal authority, violates citizens’ right to freedom of association, affects the independence of the judiciary, and undermines the values of democracy for personal gain.
While Battulga’s statement accuses the MPP of splitting its own Democrats through manipulating government agencies, the MPP’s statement calls for “all political parties to unite against the crime of subversion dumping the parliamentary democratic system, taking state power by unconstitutional means to establish a dictatorship by dissolving any political party ”.
Social media and public feedback
After the decision of the Constitutional Court, Battulga’s statement could be seen by many as the last ditch effort to fight for his political life. However, he has chosen to do so by pointing to the power of the MPP, something that speaks volumes about his willingness to play with popular sentiment. Many voters expressed concern about the possibility of MPP presidency at a time when the Mongolian parliament was also dominated by the MPP.
Live broadcast of the president (on his Facebook pageThe decree takes place at 12:16 am on April 19 and has 1,200 shares and 1,500 comments at the time of writing. The broadcast on Facebook Live by livetv.mn Battulga decree has 547,000 views, 23,000 “likes” and 10,000 shares. Reactions ranged from many allies with the president to many who criticized him for dividing the country when it was supposed to be unified. MPP Board of Governors Presentation of their statement (also broadcast liveThe same has aroused public frustration. Despite the event taking place at night in Mongolia, politicians have been criticized for mass appearances when their power is on the road while remaining silent on many social injustices.
Notably, there are very few professional analysts’ social media comments one would expect to see speak of the Constitutional Court’s decision, and almost none of the presidential decree and response of the MPP. The MPP Governor’s Committee statement also ends with: “We urge all of our citizens not to be prey to any illegal, provocative and organized activity at the time of the moment. when all Mongolians are fighting together against the pandemic. ” Battulga’s statement alleges that the COVID-19 pandemic was politicized many times.
The mention of the COVID-19 measures in both statements is a reminder not just that Khurelsukh’s government step down after a wave of protests against COVID-19 in January, but the emergency for COVID-19 in Mongolia continues to be severe. The pandemic is the setting for the pervasive manifestations of political dissatisfaction among parts of Mongolia. In addition to the belief that Khurelsukh “resigns” so that he can freely run for president, in recent days, many Mongolians have expressed sympathy that the Constitutional Court’s rulings, related measures of parliament and the presidential veto, about Battulga’s eligibility to run for the president is a distraction from the worsening COVID-19 emergency situation in the country.