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The Case of India – The Diplomat


Flash point | Protect | South Asia

Different countries have approached the military aspects of space in different ways. This is the Indian approach.

How are the great powers in the Indo-Pacific managing military space in space? In 2020, the United States created the United States Space Force, an independent force dedicated to the military aspects of space. This represents an institutional solution to the space, but is hardly the only one. Starting with India, this series explores how some countries are determined to tackle their military space problems through institutional reform.

Historically, India’s defense base has been weakened by a host of interlinked issues, including a stiff procurement system, poor civil-military relations, and difficulty integrating between epidemics. service. Space warfare depends on the ground of cooperation between civilian and military institutions, but if successfully implemented, it can facilitate close integration and even fusion between military and military institutions. newspaper. Hence, India’s efforts to develop spatial capabilities deserve to be watched closely. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), a civilian agency, has been coordinating India’s civilian and military space programs since the 1960s. However, in 2019, India did. Huge strides in technology and institutions to create globally competitive space warfare capabilities.

India successfully conducted anti-satellite Trial March 2019. Although the Indian authorities have taken steps to limit the range of the debris field caused by the destruction of the satellite, it still resulted in about 400 debris, many of which remain in orbit. low for a while. The test puts India on par with China, Russia and the United States in its actual anti-satellite capabilities.

Perhaps more importantly, in 2019 India establishment of two new spatial administrative bodies, Defense Space Research Organization (DSRO) and Defense Space Agency (DSA). The former organization was a research organization aimed at facilitating the development of civilian space technology for military purposes, while this organization played a role similar to that of the headquarters for the operations of the military. United States, integrating space assets from the army, navy and air force and building strategy. The DSA, led by an air force officer, starts with a payroll of about 200 officers drawn from the three services, and assumes the duties of Several existing military agencies, which includes the Defense Image Processing and Analysis Center and the Defense Satellite Control Center.

India proceeds for the first time Synthetic space war drills in July 2019, bring together personnel from across the services. Do exercise Focus on the use of communications and satellite reconnaissance to integrate intelligence and Fire on the scale of Indian military assets, shows a solid understanding of the need for space access.

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Some in the Indian defense community have debated more aggressive reforms, including the creation of a military space service similar to the United States Space Force. This will facilitate the protection of India’s burgeoning satellite network, and at the same time provide the basis for coercive action against adversary networks. It is not yet clear whether India has the necessary technological and financial background to support a separate space force in the long term, but India is poised to capitalize on its good relations with both Russia and the United States. , the two most advanced cosmic powers in the world.

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