The US State Department on April 5 revealed that previous US sanctions on Turkey’s industrial-military sector would take effect on April 7 when the Agency’s announcement was announced. US Federal Register.
US sanctions under the CAATSA Act, or the “US Act Against Enemies Through Sanctions” (Law 115-44), was originally announced by former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on December 14 , in response to Turkey’s purchase of the S-400 missile. – Russian surface-to-air missile system.
Prior to that, three CAATSA titles were focused on Russia, Iran and North Korea. Washington and some of Turkey’s NATO allies have vehemently opposed this procurement decision, noting that sanctions are possible, but Turkey refuses to step back.
Legally, the sanctions imposed on Turkey are considered secondary sanctions under CAATSA because Turkish companies have chosen to conduct transactions with entities previously listed in the United States Designated Persons List (LSP). According to CAATSA, the LSP is a list of Russian entities considered “primary sanctions targets” due to predetermined Russian foreign policy decisions in Ukraine, cyber space and intrusion in the election. 2016 US election.
Readers of New Europe may recall that the Trump administration took the initiative last December to design and announce the sanctions ahead of the upcoming Congress deadline at the time, which did gives Law enforcement more freedom in designing a punishment program.
Not a full arms embargo
Washington’s list of sanctions is less than an outright arms embargo; Readers will also recall that Turkey was previously excluded from the US F-35 fighter jet program. The focus of U.S. sanctions is a relatively narrow range of Turkey’s industrial defense structure, much of which is still heavily dependent on US technology and requires the United States to allow re-export. technology.
The US State Department on December 14 last year explained the rationale for the sanctions. “Today, the United States is imposing sanctions on the President of the Defense Industry (SSB) of the Republic of Turkey under Section 231 of the US Anti-Enemies Act through intentional sanctions. entered into a significant transaction with Rosoboronexport, Russia’s main arms exporter, by procuring the S-400 surface-to-air missile system. The sanctions include a ban on all U.S. export licenses and authorizations for the SSB, and property freezing and visa restrictions on Dr. Ismail Demir, president of the SSB, and Other SSB officers ”.
Other sanctioned senior SSB officers have now been named. They include Faruk Yigit, vice president of SSB; Serhat Gencoglu, head of the SSB’s Air and Space Bureau, and Mustafa Alper Deniz, program director of the SSB’s Regional Air Defense Systems Board of Directors.
Since December, Turkish media have occasionally reported that something like “Crete island model” could be added and agreed to allow US sanctions to be lifted. This is a reference to the delivery of the Russian S-300 complexes purchased by Cyprus in the late 1990s to the Greek island of Crete, in order to avoid the system being bombed by Turkey while being installed in Cyprus. .
A similar scenario for the S-400 is that they will be stored in their own cargo tanks or shipped to third countries, but Turkey’s activation of the S-400’s radars appears to hinder a solution of this type. However, the media reports about the test probe / bubble statements from Turkish officials regarding a similar agreement continued to circulate.